Platelets are the clotting cells of our blood. Platelet rich plasma (PRP) is the use of the body’s own defense mechanism to repair itself. The body’s first response to injury is to deliver platelets to the affected area. Packed with growth and healing factors, platelets initiate the repair mechanism and also attract the stem cells needed to help our tissue repair by itself.
Platelet rich plasma, intensifies this effort by delivering a much higher concentration of platelets to the affected area. A normal blood specimen contain around 6% platelets. Platelet rich plasma contain 94% platelets and 5 to 10 times the concentration of growth factors found in normal blood, greatly enhancing the body’s healing properties.
The procedure involves drawing a small amount of blood as done for any other lab test. The blood is spun down by a centrifuge at high speeds in order to separate the platelets form the other blood components. The PRP is then injected to the site of concern, whether it be an injured muscle, joint, tendon or ligament.
Precision is very important in this procedure. The use of ultrasound imaging guidance helps ensure that the maximal amount of PRP is delivered to the exact location, increasing the effectiveness of the procedure. PRP can help heal cartilage, tendon, muscles and even bone. It is a great and effective method in relieving pain without having to stay in a hospital, going through a long recovery process, or undergoing the risks of surgery.